Through the Years with Alabama's Beaches
Gulf Shores & Orange Beach
I can always feel a smile creep across my face when newbies to the Alabama beaches remark about how beautiful the beaches are. I think it’s partly because I know it’s true and partly because it’s nice to hear others reaffirm what we born-and-bred Alabamians already know.
Sugar-white, sandy beaches that are well kept and gently washed with turquoise-kissed Gulf of Mexico waters is something we probably take for granted. But when visitors ask, it’s reminiscent to walk through the years with Alabama’s beaches, explaining why we visit over and over with the same prideful voice as a brand-new mom.
Gulf Shores History
Gulf Shores history includes a strong influence of Native Americans (Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Cherokee) followed by Spaniards in the early 1500s. These Spaniards came to the current-day Gulf Shores area and were responsible for building Fort Morgan (which was rebuilt in the 1800s), an important factor later on in the Civil War. Along with Fort Gaines, the two sites hosted many conflicts between the Union and Confederate soldiers and sailors, both looking to control the harbor entrance. Fort Morgan is a popular attraction still today and Fort Gaines has battle re-enactments twice a year in May and October.
It’s interesting to note a couple of events that lured folks to the Gulf Shores area, helping to increase the population:
- The Intracoastal Waterway was completed in 1937, encouraging commercial trade and activity such as travel and other import/export opportunities. The 3,000-mile inland waterway runs along the Atlantic Coast as well as the Gulf of Mexico.
- Gulf State Park opened in 1939, sparking a realization that this small fishing village had a lot to offer, especially with the Intracoastal Waterway in place.
The Gulf Shores Museum is a wealth of Alabama beach history demonstrated through exhibits in an inviting atmosphere. There is also a Butterfly Garden and a popular summer youth program. Admission is free and it’s a great start to learning about the area. Originally constructed on West Beach as the family beach house for Mobile’s Valerie Cole, the house was moved to Gulf Shores in 1979 following Hurricane Frederic. Later the Cole family donated the home to the city where it’s been in use since 1982 as a library first, and then as a youth center before becoming Gulf Shores Museum. The land it sits on was donated, as well as the steeple that sits in the garden, further demonstrating the generosity of this community.
Hurricanes are nothing new to coastal communities and Gulf Shores is no different. Below are some examples of devastating storms of yesteryear that changed the shape of the area.
- Hurricane Frederic was a 1979 storm that blasted the area, leaving massive destruction across the beachfront community. While the area suffered greatly and needed to be rebuilt, it also brought about an incredible construction boom and took this Gulf Shores town to city status.
- Hurricane Ivan in 2004 was a record-breaking storm making landfall first as a Category 3 near Gulf Shores and second as a tropical storm over southeastern Louisiana. Ivan was the strongest hurricane from Baldwin to Santa Rosa counties in some 100 years. Rebuilding would indeed be needed…again.
- Still recovering from the wrath of Ivan, Hurricane Dennis was one of many storms that formed in 2005. He was a powerful Category 4 storm that landed slightly to the east of Alabama, sparing Gulf Shores and Orange Beach with only brushing winds.
- Hurricane Katrina, also in 2005, was one of the five most deadly hurricanes ever in the United States. Originating in the Bahamas and then weakening slightly, Katrina fell into the warm Gulf of Mexico waters, gaining rapid momentum as a Category 5 hurricane. Luckily she lost some strength before making her second landfall in Louisiana as a Category 3 hurricane – though nonetheless spreading destruction all along the Gulf Coast.